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INTRODUCTION
Aims of the book
This book has two objectives:
1 to prepare you for the CAE exam Paper 2 (Writing)
and Paper 3 (English in Use).
2 to develop your practical writing skills to an advanced
level.
There is no co nflict between these two object ives,
because CAE writing tasks are as close to real-life
situations as possible, and the examiners use
real-life criteria in assessing candidates' work . If a piece
of writing would 'do the job' effectively in real life, it
should also satisfy the examiners.
Part 3: Units 5-10 cover all the writing task types in the
CAE Paper 2 syllabus .
Task bank: a further selection of writing tasks , indexed to
the appropriate units.
Key : answers to all exercises and Paper 3 questions.
Model answers to Paper 2 Part 1 tasks .
Working through the book
It is suggested that you work through Units 1-5 before
going on to Units 5-1 0, as each writing task in Units
5-10 practises skills that have been developed in one or
more of the first five units. Nevertheless, as there is no
prog ression through the book in terms of difficulty, and
as Units 1-5 also co ntain writing tasks in the style of the
exam, the Units may be taken in any order .
Why combine Papers 2 and 3?
For those unfamiliar with the CAE exam, it may seem
surprising that this book co mbines Paper 3 (the
'g rammar' paper) as well as Paper 2 (the 'writing ' paper).
In fact, this co mbination is inevitable, given the many
areas the two papers have in common. A characteristic
of the CAE exam is that grammar is tested in con text.
Paper 3 tests the ability to use grammar in order to
communica te, and focuses on many of the key areas of
written com munication - including register, cohesion,
and even punctuation.
The Paper 3 exercises:
• provide exam prac tice for Paper 3.
• are integrated with the Paper 2 work, as controlled
practice in writing skills.
• are mod els (well written, well organizee, and usually
abo ut 250 words long), which may be referred to when
doing the writing tasks that follow them.
• demonstrate different registers and explore different
aspects of the theme of the Unit.
• are usually based on authentic texts.
Classroom work and self study
This book can be used in class, for self study, or for a
com bination of the two.
In class
Each Unit is divided into modules which can be taught in
class in about gO minutes (plus homew ork).
Explanations, presentatio ns and activities are followed by
Paper 3 exercises and either mini writing tasks or full-
scale Paper 2 tasks . Suggestions for pairwo rk are
sometimes included when an exercise wou ld be more
enjoyably done with a partner; many other exercises can
also be done in pairs and group s.
For self-study
Many features of the book make it especially useful for
self study:
• the introductory units, with their thorough treatment of
register, style, cohesion and punctuation .
• the use of Paper 3 writing tasks as co ntrolled writing
practice, easily co rrected with the key when working
without a teacher.
• the inclusion of mod el texts in the form of Paper 3
tasks, and the inclusion of model answers in the key.
• the fact that it is self-contained : it is the student' s
book, the teacher's book and the key all in one.
How the book is organized
Part 1: the first part of the book contains an introduct ion
to CAE Papers 2 and 3, followed by preliminary w ork on
three key areas of writing skills at this level: style and
register, cohesion , and punctuation . It is intended that
this part of the book should be usee for preparatory
work, remed ial wor k, and reference.
Part 2: Units 1- 5 divide writing into types (descriptions,
instructions, narrative and argument), to develop the
skills specific to each type. At the same time, each Unit
looks at a variety of registers, to focus on the importan ce
of the cont ext and the purp ose of a piece of writing .
Non-exam use
Because of the 'real-life' nature of the CAE writing
syllabus and assessment criteria, this book can be used
just as successfu lly as a general writ ing course at
advanced level focusing on practical writing tasks.
3
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CONTENTS
Part 1 Writing sub-skills
Part 3 Task types
PAP ERS 2 AND 3
6
U NIT 6 FORMAL LETTERS
letters of complaint: tact
app lying for jobs, courses and scholarships
ot her formal letters
87
87
95
98
STYLE AND R EGISTER
12
COHESION
linking wo rds
reference
19
20
2 6
UNIT 7 I NFORMAL L ETTERS
technical matters
diplom acy and tact
102
102
109
P UN CTUATION
full stops, sentences , paragraphs
com mas
semicolons
colons
dashes
hyphens
29
29
30
34
35
36
36
UNIT 8 R EPORTS
information reports: peop le
recommendation reports
eye-witness and narrative reports
112
112
117
119
U NIT 9 A RTICLES AND HEVIEWS
openings and clos ings
reviews
122
122
128
Part 2 Types of writing
UNIT 1 DESCIUPTION
making descriptions interesting
desc ribing pictures and objects
describ ing products
38
39
4 1
44
UNIT 10 PUBLIC INF ORMATION
leaflets, brochures and information sheets
tourism
132
132
135
UNIT 2 A CTION
instruct ions and directions
advice
processes and systems
48
49
5 1
54
T ASK BANK
140
KEY
147
U NIT 3 NARRATIVE
narratives and connecting wo rds
biographical narratives
newspaper stories
58
59
62
66
UNIT 4 G IVING YOUR OPINIO N
argument
reviews
personal advice
68
69
72
76
U n it 5 PEOPLE AND PLACES
describing people
describing places
78
79
83
5
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